The Scottish Islands Federation has been awarded £18.500 by the Scottish government, a sum which will allow its voluntary board to employ the staff it requires to fulfil its ambitious targets.
Federation chair Camille Dressler said: “we warmly thank the Cabinet Secretary for Rural Affairs, Food and Environment, Richard Lochhead MSP, for his recognition of the part that the Scottish Islands Federation has played in helping to raise islands needs and issues at all levels of governance. We are now looking forward to promote a greater engagement of island grassroots organisations in all the issues that are important to them, and help and help them make their islands leaders in low carbon, sustainable communities.”
Michael Russell , MSP for Argyll & Bute which has more inhabited islands than any other Scottish constituency, and invited the Scottish Islands Federation to the Scottish Parliament in 2013, said : ‘ I am delighted that the Scottish Government has recognised the importance of the Scottish Islands Federation and the work that is done to bring together those who live and work on the islands in order to share experiences and find ways of moving forward. The links that exist with islands in other parts of Europe are also important and the collaborations on energy, employment, tourism and other issues that are already arising are pointing interesting ways forward,. The Scottish Government knows that islands need special support and this grant is not only proves that point, but also opens the door to new possibilities.”
The Scottish Islands Federation is now recruiting staff to carry out the tasks agreed with the Rural Communities team. A description of the job and its responsibilities can be found here.
NEW EU resolution on islands passed on 4 February 2016
Article 174 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) recognises the special nature of island territories. However, very few concrete EU measures have aimed to support islands to date. Several insular regions and municipalities call for the development of an ‘insular dimension’ in EU policies, and for EU regional policy to take insularity factors, that affect them disproportionately, into account. They also claim that due to the European Commission’s established method of regional funding – based on GDP – certain islands and insular territories are severely penalised.
The Scottish Islands Federation hopes this may change if the measures proposed by the new resolution on islands (see below) are implemented: the resolution calls for new statistical indicators besides GDP that can reflect the economic and social vulnerability arising from being an island territory. An island desk, special financial instruments aimed at islands, an agenda for the islands, a White paper to monitor the situation, a European Year for Islands and Mountains are amongst other welcome proposals to ensure that the island situation is considered as it should.
However, such resolutions have to be supported by all EU member states. Therein lie the problem of the Scottish Islands: the UK government cares little for its island territories and will care even less if voters decide to leave the EU.
European Parliament resolution of 4 February 2016 on the special situation of islands (2015/3014(RSP))
The European Parliament,
– having regard to Articles 174 and 175 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU),
– having regard to Regulation (EU) No 1301/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013, on the European Regional Development Fund and on specific provisions concerning the Investment for growth and jobs goal and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1080/2006,
– having regard to Regulation (EU) No 1303/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 laying down common provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and laying down general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1083/2006,
– having regard to Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005,
– having regard to the Commission’s Sixth Report on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion (COM(2014)0473),
– having regard to the European Economic and Social Committee’s opinion on ‘Specific problems facing islands’ (1229/2011),
– having regard to the question to the Commission on the insularity condition (O-000013/2016 – B8-0106/2016),
– having regard to Rules 128(5) and 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,
whereas islands, classified as NUTS-2 and NUTS-3 regions, have common and permanent specific features, which clearly distinguish them from mainland areas;
whereas Article 174 of the TFEU recognises the permanent natural and geographical handicaps specific to the situation of islands;
whereas the reduction in economic, social and environmental disparities between regions and polycentric harmonious development are the main objectives of cohesion policy, in close connection with achieving the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy;
whereas the economic crisis has impacted dramatically on the national and regional budgets of many Member States by limiting the availability of financing in many sectors and leading to a 20 % collapse of public investment; whereas, as also pointed out in the Sixth Report on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion, the impact of the crisis has seriously affected the potential development of many disadvantaged regions, including islands; whereas the economic crisis has reversed the long-term trend of convergence of GDP and unemployment rates across the EU, resulting in increased poverty and social exclusion and preventing the achievement of the Union’s long-term objective of economic and territorial cohesion;
whereas EU islands are also peripheral regions situated in some cases on the EU’s external borders and are particularly vulnerable to the challenges which Europe is currently facing, such as globalisation, demographic trends, climate change, energy supply and, especially for the southern areas, exposure to increasing migration flows;
whereas European islands contribute to the diversity of the Union in both environmental terms (specific habitats and endemic species) and cultural terms (architectural heritage, sites, landscapes, agricultural and non-agricultural features and geographical identities);
whereas European islands can contribute to strengthening sustainable development in the Union, given their high potential for producing energy from renewable sources due to specific exposure to wind streams, ocean swell and sunlight;
whereas the accessibility of regions and connections within islands are key factors in making island areas more attractive for skilled workers and businesses; whereas there is a need to attract investment, to create new jobs and to reduce maritime and air transport costs for people and goods, in accordance with the principle of territorial continuity, while also making efforts to reduce emissions and pollution deriving from maritime and air transport;
whereas agriculture, breeding and fisheries constitute an important element of local island economies, which are a source of supply for a significant part of the agro-industrial sector, and whereas these sectors suffer due to lack of accessibility, particularly for SMEs, a low level of product differentiation, and climate conditions;
whereas intensive tourism is, for most islands, an important part of their local economy but tends normally to be concentrated only in certain periods of the year and not adequately planned outside the season, and this may entail risks for the environmentally sustainable development of island regions;
Encourages the Commission to provide a clear definition of the type of geographical, natural and demographic permanent handicaps that insular regions can suffer from, with reference to Article 174 of the TFEU;
Asks the Commission how it intends to implement the wording of Article 174 of the TFEU regarding the permanent handicaps of insular regions that hinder their natural development and prevent them from achieving economic, social and territorial cohesion;
Recognises the importance of providing support to tackle the significant depopulation trend in island regions; recalls that certain handicaps are more difficult to cope with for islands, in proportion to their small size and their remoteness from the European continental coasts;
Requests that the Commission launch an in-depth study/analysis on the extra costs incurred as a result of being islands, in terms of the transport system for people and goods, energy supply and access to markets, in particular for SMEs;
Is of the opinion that islands should have a proper definition/categorisation that will take into account not only their differences and specificities but also their specific situation; invites the Commission, on the basis of Article 174 of the TFEU, which recognises the special situation of islands, to set up a homogeneous group made up of all island territories; calls on the Commission, furthermore, to take into account, besides GDP, other statistical indicators that can reflect the economic and social vulnerability arising from natural permanent handicaps;
Recalls that, in accordance with Council Directive 2006/112/EC, certain European islands have been granted special tax arrangements as a counterbalance to their natural and demographic permanent handicaps; stresses the importance of those special tax arrangements for local communities and economies, and calls for their continuation, especially in those Member States that are under economic adjustment programmes;
Recalls especially the need for better connectivity through maritime routes, improved access to ports and better air transport services; considers that particular emphasis should be placed on transport hubs, inter-modal transport and sustainable mobility; stresses also the need to support balanced territorial development of island regions by promoting innovation and competiveness in these regions, which are remote from the major administrative and economic centres and do not benefit from ease of access to transport, and by strengthening local production for local markets;
Stresses that digital capacity is a vital means of counterbalancing the connectivity handicaps of island regions; emphasises that investments in infrastructure are required in order to ensure broadband access on islands and the full participation of islands in the digital single market;
Recalls that many islands in the Mediterranean have seen huge numbers of migrants arriving and are having to deal with this situation; underlines the need for a holistic EU approach, which should include EU support and a joint effort by all Member States;
Underlines the importance of providing education at all levels, where necessary also by making more use of distance education systems; recalls that islands are also facing serious
climate change impacts, with particularly serious consequences, including increasing numbers of natural hazards;
Emphasises that, while islands face constraints, they also benefit from a territorial potential, which should be used as an opportunity for development, growth and job creation; stresses the importance of low tax and red tape reduction policies as key incentives for attracting investment; mentions, in this context, the development of sustainable tourism in addition to seasonal tourism, focusing on the promotion of cultural heritage and specific artisanal economic activities; stresses also the huge potential of ocean, wind and solar energy and the potential of islands to become important sources of alternative energy, to be as energy-autonomous as possible and, above all, to guarantee cheaper energy supplies for their inhabitants;
Stresses, in this connection, the importance of using all possible synergies between the European Structural and Investment Funds and other Union instruments with a view to counterbalancing the handicaps of islands and enhancing their economic growth, job creation and sustainable development situation;
Calls on the Commission to establish an ‘EU Strategic Framework for Islands’ with a view to linking up instruments that can have a major territorial impact;
Calls on the Member States and regional and local authorities to play an important role in the development strategies of islands on the basis of a vertical approach that involves all levels of government, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, with a view to ensuring the sustainable development of EU islands;
Suggests that the Commission establish an ‘islands desk’ linked to the Commission’s Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy (DG REGIO) and made up of a small group of officials in order to coordinate and analyse issues relating to island regions;
Calls on the Commission to submit a communication containing an ‘Agenda for EU Islands’ and, subsequently, a White Paper to monitor the development of islands, based on best practice and involving local, regional and national authorities and other relevant actors, including economic and social partners and representatives of civil society;
Calls on the Commission to propose a European Year of Islands and Mountains;
Invites the Commission to bear in mind the specific situation of islands when preparing the proposal for the next multiannual financial framework;
Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Committee of the Regions and the Member States.
Scottish Islands Federation Development Officer Post
1-year part-time (about 22 hr/wk), with the possibility of extension
April 2016 – March 2017.
based on the equivalent of full-time salary in range £18k – £21k
Main aims of post
Reporting to the board of the Scottish Islands Federation you will develop and consolidate the organization by:
increasing the membership of and support for the Scottish Islands Federation.
being the first contact for the Scottish Islands Federation.
developing quality communication with members, politicians and the wider public.
providing administrative support to the board of the Scottish Islands Federation.
delivering the activities of the Scottish Islands Federation.
assisting in financial planning and keeping records.
overseeing the updating of existing energy audits and encouraging other islands to take up energy auditing.
Subject to further funding:
managing the delivery of the Island Electric Vehicle Transport pilot project to promote the use of electric vehicles on islands.
working with partners on delivery of INTERREG EUROPE project on Entrepreneurship.
As the Development Officer for the Scottish Islands Federation you will, in liaison with the Board, be responsible for:
contributing to the strategic planning process for the development of the Scottish Islands Federation and its activities.
ensuring the board of the Scottish Islands Federation are kept fully up to date with progress of planning activities.
(subject to funding) planning the delivery of the Island Electric Vehicle Transport pilot project.
planning budgets as required.
actively making contact with island communities and encouraging membership.
encouraging bodies at every level of governance (local government, national government) and relevant public and private organisations to become associate members.
Income generation and finance
delivering a programme of events & activities that produce useful development opportunities for island communities as well as generate income.
identifying and delivering funding opportunities to support the work of the Scottish Islands Federation, and secure its financial future.
managing budgets and keeping proper accounts in liaison with the board of the Scottish Islands Federation.
planning and managing the evaluation of the outcomes of events and activities, including submission of monitoring and evaluation reports to funding bodies.
organising, in liaison with the Chair, board meetings, the AGM and other meetings, and taking and circulating minutes.
maintaining and developing the Scottish Islands Federation website and social media. and producing quarterly newsletters.to communicate with members, governments (local, national, EU), other European island groups and the wider public.
acting as the first contact for the membership, external bodies and the media.
ensuring the Scottish Islands Federation delivers an outstanding service to its membership.
reviewing feedback of all kinds (including internet based feedback) from members and others to ensure service improvements are continually made.
developing an inclusive and welcoming culture as a trademark of the Scottish Islands Federation.
building constructive and open working relationships with the board and other staff.
other tasks subject to further funding.
communicate with island organisations and visit if appropriate to identify, discuss and research issues of current importance for island communities, devising and using surveys, analysing and evaluating results, and producing reports.
represent the Scottish Islands Federation at meetings and manage relationships with the media and external stakeholders, including at national level.
participate in project work with wider partnerships, including the Island Electric Vehicle Transport pilot project.
compile reports as required to the board and for the Scottish Government.
Skills – to evidence on application (A) and at interview (I)
previous practical experience of similar roles (A)
track record of fundraising and income generation (A)
motivated to engage and involve communities with a track record of creating success through this involvement (I)
good ‘fit’ with the culture of island communities (I)
good project and budget management skills (A)
good working knowledge of office software and its applications, of social media and of maintaining and developing a website (A)
knowledge of business and marketing plans (A)
preparation of funding applications (A)
have a track record in community consultation, engagement and involvement (I)
have experience of / interest in PR, event management, and use of Facebook and other social media to communicate to a wider public (A)
Working hours and environment
work flexibly to deliver the requirements of the contract, including weekends and public holidays if necessary.
preferably based on an island near a major island transport hub such as Oban or in such a hub itself, to facilitate visits to island communities.
work from a convenient home base as above and/or a hot desk in an island office to be negotiated with the successful candidate, including the provision of office equipment.
full driving licence and access to a suitable vehicle essential.
SWITCH TO RENEWABLES: an inspirational seminar in Somerset
On 4 and 5 March, Frome town council in Somerset organised an innovative and inspirational seminar on how to switch to a low carbon economy.
SIF Chair Camille Dressler presented the case of Eigg’s green grid and Mull and Iona’s sustainable transport initiative as inspirational Scottish Islands examples.
Other Case studies were from Frome, Germany, France and Poland, where Frome town council has twinning partners.
Prof Keith Barnham (Solar Revolution), presented a fascinating comparison of what has happened in Germany in terms of exponential renewable development and what could have happened to the UK if the Feed in Tariff and other encouraging measures had not been cut.
Cold water island tourism is a new initiative to promote, celebrate and help develop tourism on small cold water island destinations around the world.
Meet private sector drivers of tourism – Investors – Public sector policy makers – Politicians and civic leaders – Destination managers and marketeers – Educationalists and researchers: it is all happening on the isle of Arran on 14th – 16th March 2016.
Following on from last year’s success, this second Cold Water Tourism conference will focus on sustainable economic development on islands and rural areas and is supported by the North Ayrshire Council.
SIF director Frank Corcoran will be attending and will report on the conference and its merits.
What the prospectus says:
For many cold water maritime countries, in both the northern and southern hemispheres, their islands make a valuable contribution to the overall tourism experience and the economy.
In the Northern Hemisphere this is especially the case in most of the North Atlantic (Scandinavian, Germany, Netherlands and Baltic nations as well as Scotland, Ireland, Wales and, to a lesser extent the rest of the UK).
In terms of our understanding of the value, market demand and economic impact there has been relatively little research. Most of the published work, and indeed the focus of most travel writers, is upon ‘warm water island’ tourism. This is also the case for many of the conferences that take place on this subject.
The AIM is to redress this situation.
The ‘cold water islands’ face common tourism opportunities and challenges. There is real potential for collaboration, sharing knowledge and developing a common research agenda.
There is a collaborative opportunity to DIRECTLY assist
island tourism. We need to develop a robust and innovative programme of activity designed to help tourism professionals.
Knowledge transfer and sharing sits comfortably with the notion of international cooperation.
At the same time there is scope to jointly develop events and festivals across a wide geographic area that can develop tourism visits.
It is possible to design and develop events to be hosted at several islands – to create innovation, quality and reduce costs.
A key element of a collaborative approach is to develop fresh appropriate methods for measuring and evaluating ‘success’.
In particular, there is the potential to develop a new Island ‘Livability Index” and to understand tourism’s contribution to this ‘index’.
Lars Olsen — (Denmark)
Alastair Dobson — Visit Arran (Scotland)
Terry Stevens — Stevens and Associates (Wales)
Making small cold islands tourism destinations of choice helping to making them sustainable (financial, economic, social and environmental) and attractive places to live and work.
“Creating a unique network of cold water island destinations in order to benefit from having a representative voice of influence and forging collaborative working and sharing practical solutions based
upon successful actions and evidence.”
To give this mission with a starting point by organizing the first ANNUAL European Conference on ‘cold water island tourism’.
— Share knowledge of successful practical projects; — Create networks of expertise and information;
— Discuss common issues and opportunities to grow
the value of tourism;
— Identify innovative solutions to underpin sustainable growth; — Celebrate and recognise best practice project;
— Develop a common agenda for support and development; — Promote awareness of cold islands as tourism destinations; — Influencing eu programs and policies.
— Establishing and growing an on-going network and dialogue between destinations
— Creating a central and accessible pool of research, knowledge and case studies
— Holding regular symposia, conferences and workshops — Promoting the interests of these destinations
We need to raise the status of tourism in the context of economic development in maritime countries. This is best done through improving our understanding of the potential for growth in the context of:
The EU’s ‘Blue Growth Strategy’ is highlighting the importance of developing all aspects of the marine environment for economic development. This is supported by a new focus on “Cold Water Islands” as part of the EU programs 2014-2021.
International conferences have been announced to consider future of Island communities. There is a real opportunity to influence these agendas.
For many island communities, tourism is the main stay of their economy. It is a sector in growth and offers considerable scope for enhanced sustainable development. As a result, there is now a growing interest at the level of national Governments to take advantage of these island assets.
Tourism is becoming increasingly segmented with a diversity of markets and interest groups, which increases the opportunities for cold water islands.
THE OPPORTUNITIES FOR COLLABORATION
Most island communities have a strong heritage and cultural resources. As a result of their heritage of having to be self sufficient there is generally a good asset base of local crafts and produce creating a very compelling sense of place.
Island tourism businesses tend to be micro / SMEs. They are often marginal businesses but the cash generated is vital for the overall survival of island communities. Much of the appeal and product base is also small scale. It takes the form of special interest tourism and events, often featuring indigenous art, music, history, archeology, hand crafts and sport.
THE VOICE OF COMMUNITY ORGANISATIONS ON SCOTTISH ISLANDS